Present Simple или Презент Симпл: упражнения для тренировки

Содержание:

Present Simple Tense (презент симпл) – простое настоящее время (оно же Present Indefinite – неопределенное простое время). Это первое время, с которым знакомятся изучающие язык. Именно с помощью Present Simple, появляется возможность рассказать о себе максимальное количество информации.

Present Simple в английском

Случаи употребления Present Simple:

  • Актуальные события настоящего (ФИО, возраст, место работы и должность, место жительства, родственные связи, предпочтения, привычки, хобби и так далее):
    • I like apples.
    • She is a teacher.
    • They live in Paris.
  • Регулярные действия (слова-подсказки: always, rarely, sometimes, often, usually, never, every day (morning, Sunday etc.), etc.):
    • She often loses her keys.
    • We talk every evening.
    • I never read Italian books.
  • Факты:
    • Every person needs food and water.
    • The sun doesn’t shine at night.
    • Five and five is ten.
  • Расписание:
    • The train arrives at 5 o’clock.
  • Инструкции.
  • С глаголами состояния, чувства, восприятия:
    • I hate to be late.
    • I love my parents.
    • He believes in Santa Claus.
  • Заголовки.

Схемы построения предложений в Present Simple

Утвердительные предложения в Present Simple

Для выражения своих мыслей в Present Simple в утвердительной форме, вспомогательный глагол не используется. Но в предложениях, где подлежащее выражено 3-м лицом ед. ч. к глаголу добавляется окончание -s/-es.

I

We

You

They

V (глагол)
He

She

It

Vs (глагол + s)

Построение утвердительного предложения в Present Simple:

Подлежащее + сказуемое + дополнения (Существительное/местоимение + V/Vs (глагол) + дополнения).

Примеры:

  • I go for a walk every evening.
  • He plays football.
  • They work at home.

Добавление окончания -s/-es в Present Simple

В большинстве случаев, к глаголу просто прибавляется окончание -s.

Но есть исключения, когда добавляется —es, в случае окончания глагола на:

  • -ss
    dress-dresses;
  • -ch
    catch-catches;
  • -sh
    wash-washes;
  • -x
    mix-mixes;
  • -z
    fuzz-fuzzes;
  • -o
    go-goes.

Исключения:

To be (am/is/are), to have (have/has).

Если глагол заканчивается на согласную + y, -y меняется на –ies: carry-carries.

Модальные глаголы не изменятся.

Особенности произношения окончаний у глаголов в Present Simple:

  1. [s] после глухих согласных;
  2. [z] после звонких согласных или гласных;
  3. [iz] после свистящих и шипящих (-s, -z, -sh, -ch, -x).

Отрицательные предложения в Present Simple

Чтобы построить отрицательные предложения в Present Simple потребуется употреблять вспомогательный глагол to do:

  • do (I, we, you, they), do not = don’t;
  • does (he, she, it), does not = does’t.

В случае употребления «does» смысловой глагол используется в инфинитиве без частички «to» (He works, НО He does not work).

Построение отрицательного предложения в Present Simple:

Подлежащее + do/does + not + сказуемое + дополнения (Существительное/местоимение + do/does + not + V (глагол) + дополнения).

Примеры:

  • I do not go to school on Saturday.
  • He does not play the guitar.
  • They do not watch TV.

Вопросительные предложения в Present Simple

Для построения вопросительных предложений в Present Simple необходим вспомогательный глагол to do.

Построение отрицательного предложения в Present Simple:

(Вопросительное слово) + do/does + подлежащее + сказуемое + дополнения (Вопросительное слово + do/does + существительное/местоимение + V (глагол) + дополнения).

Примеры:

  • Do you know Liz?
  • How often does she go to her granny?
  • What do you do?

Краткие ответы в Present Simple:

  • Утвердительные:
    • Yes, I do (we, they, you);
    • Yes, he does (she, it).
  • Отрицательные:
    • No, I do not = No, I don’t (we, they, you);
    • No, he does not = No, he doesn’t (she, it).

Упражнения на глаголы в Present Simple

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Упражнение 1

В первом тренировочном упражнении, распределите глаголы в Present Simple по трем колонкам в зависимости от чтения окончания -s/-es в 3-м лице единственного числа: 

  1. starts;
  2. builds;
  3. Человек с карандашомkisses;
  4. likes;
  5. eats;
  6. has;
  7. finishes;
  8. teaches;
  9. reads;
  10. loves;
  11. washes;
  12. walks;
  13. writes;
  14. drinks;
  15. listens.
[s] [z] [iz]

Упражнение 2

Напишите следующие глаголы в форме 3-го лица единственного числа в Present Simple:

  1. to play;
  2. to meet;
  3. to miss;
  4. to wish;
  5. to cry;
  6. to have;
  7. to spread;
  8. to like;
  9. to feed;
  10. to fix;
  11. to be;
  12. to fly;
  13. to go;
  14. to ride;
  15. to ski.

Ответы к упражнениям на глаголы в Present Simple

Упражнение 1:

[s] [z] [iz]
starts

likes

eats

walks

writes

drinks

builds

has

reads

loves

listens

kisses

finishes

teaches

washes

Упражнение 2:

  1. plays;
  2. meets;
  3. misses;
  4. wishes;
  5. cries;
  6. has;
  7. spreads;
  8. likes;
  9. feeds;
  10. fixes;
  11. is;
  12. flies;
  13. goes;
  14. rides;
  15. skis.

Построение утвердительных предложений в Present Simple

Упражнение 1

Измените предложения в Present Simple так, чтобы вместо Я, было Он или Она (по образцу).

Образец:

I’ve got a lot of balls. – He’s got a lot of balls.

Упражнение:

  1. I like sweets.
  2. I drink coffee every morning.
  3. I play football five times a week.
  4. I brush my teeth in the morning and in the evening.
  5. I live in Manchester.
  6. I often go to the beach.
  7. I never eat soup for lunch.
  8. I love cats.
  9. I often go to the butcher’s shop.
  10. I cook breakfast every Sunday.
  11. I rarely win.
  12. I wash father’s car two times a month.
  13. I always show a new picture.
  14. I play chess very well.
  15. I am a doctor.

Упражнение 2

Допишите окончания глаголов Present Simple (-s или -es) там, где это нужно:

  1. Ручка и книгаThey have got a horse.
  2. My brother buy bread every morning.
  3. My younger sister go to the playground every day.
  4. Brown never eat ice-cream.
  5. We skate in the park every weekend.
  6. Bob play hockey.
  7. Butterflies fly in the garden.
  8. Ann’s cat can catch mice.
  9. These fish swim in the river.
  10. That fish smell good.
  11. My grandparents work in the garden every summer.
  12. John eat porridge every morning.
  13. Alice never cry.
  14. Kate sing very well.
  15. My cat run in the yard every evening.

Упражнение 3

Выберете правильную форму глагола в Present Simple:

  1. Tom (wash/washes) his face in the morning.
  2. She (listen/listens) to her teacher.
  3. I (want/wants) to go home.
  4. We (meet/meets) them every Monday.
  5. Sam always (forget/forgets) poems.
  6. We (decorate/decorates) our Christmas tree in December.
  7. Alice (can ski/cans ski/can skis) well.
  8. Bob always (have/has) lunch at 2 o’clock.
  9. Peter (break/breaks) his leg two times a year.
  10. My parents (have/has) a romantic picnic every month.
  11. I (like/likes) orange juice.
  12. He (build/builds) some new houses every year.
  13. My granny (visit/visits) us in summer.
  14. Our mother (give/gives) us milk in the evening.
  15. They sometimes (jump/jumps) in the park.

Ответы к упражнениям на утвердительные предложения в Present Simple

Упражнение 1:

  1. He/she likes sweets.
  2. He/she drinks coffee every morning.
  3. He/she plays football five times a week.
  4. He/she brushes my teeth in the morning and in the evening.
  5. He/she lives in Manchester.
  6. He/she often goes to the swimming pool.
  7. He/she never eats soup for lunch.
  8. He/she loves cats.
  9. He/she often goes to the butcher’s shop.
  10. He/she cooks breakfast every Sunday.
  11. He/she rarely wins.
  12. He/she washes father’s car two times a month.
  13. He/she always shows a new picture.
  14. He/she plays chess very well.
  15. He/she is a doctor.

Упражнение 2:

  1. Ok.
  2. My brother buys…
  3. My younger sister goes…
  4. Brown never eats…
  5. Ok.
  6. Bob plays…
  7. Ok.
  8. Ok.
  9. Ok.
  10. That fish smells…
  11. Ok.
  12. John eats…
  13. Alice never cries.
  14. Kate sings…
  15. My cat runs…

Упражнение 3:

  1. washes;
  2. listens;
  3. want;
  4. meet;
  5. forgets;
  6. decorate;
  7. can ski;
  8. has;
  9. breaks;
  10. have;
  11. like;
  12. builds;
  13. visits;
  14. gives;
  15. jump.

Построение отрицательных предложений в Present Simple

Упражнение 1

Сделайте данные предложения Present Simple – отрицательными, с помощью вспомогательных глаголов don’t и doesn’t:

  1. Tim swims in the swimming pool.
  2. I do my homework in the morning.
  3. Granny writes us a letter every Christmas.
  4. She visits her grandparents every Friday.
  5. My friends often play football.
  6. Kim and I help in the garden.
  7. His dog usually swims in the lake in summer.
  8. Liz rides her bike well.
  9. My friends watch a new film every night.
  10. Jane sweeps the floor three times a week.
  11. My father repairs his car every three months.
  12. I often send a letter.
  13. We learn a new poem every week.
  14. My best friend has a party in May.
  15. Boys play with girls.

Упражнение 2

Заполните пропуски в Present Simple, используя don’t или doesn’t:

  1. Настоящее и прошедшее времяThey _____ like ski.
  2. Ron _____ want to be a pilot.
  3. His sister _____ sing well.
  4. Smith _____ live in Boston.
  5. They _____ surf the Internet every day.
  6. Mother _____ buy ice-cream in winter.
  7. Bob _____ call his parents every day.
  8. My father _____ come home at 6 p. m.
  9. I _____ like soup.
  10. Mike _____ have a brother.
  11. Alice _____ make a birthday cake with candles.
  12. Adam and Kate _____ play together.
  13. Larry ____ always thank his granny.
  14. I _____ play chess.
  15. Mice _____ like cats.

Ответы к упражнениям на отрицательные предложения в Present Simple

Упражнение 1:

  1. Tim doesn’t swim in the swimming pool.
  2. I don’t do my homework in the morning.
  3. Granny doesn’t write us a letter every Christmas.
  4. She doesn’t visit her grandparents every Friday.
  5. My friends don’t often play football.
  6. Kim and I don’t help in the garden.
  7. His dog doesn’t usually swim in the lake in summer.
  8. Liz doesn’t ride her bike well.
  9. My friends don’t watch a new film every night.
  10. Jane doesn’t sweep the floor three times a week.
  11. My father doesn’t repair his car every three months.
  12. I don’t often send a letter.
  13. We don’t learn a new poem every week.
  14. My best friend doesn’t have a party in May.
  15. Boys don’t play with girls.

Упражнение 2:

  1. don’t;
  2. Я люблю английский языкdoesn’t;
  3. doesn’t;
  4. doesn’t;
  5. don’t;
  6. doesn’t;
  7. doesn’t;
  8. doesn’t;
  9. don’t;
  10. doesn’t;
  11. doesn’t;
  12. don’t;
  13. doesn’t;
  14. don’t;
  15. don’t.

Построение вопросительных предложений в Present Simple

Упражнение 1

Заполните пропуски, с помощью вспомогательных глаголов Present Simple do или does:

  1. _____ you learn English?
  2. _____ your grandparents live in London?
  3. _____ she like ice-cream?
  4. _____ he work in your office?
  5. _____ they speak Italian very well?
  6. _____ you understand him?
  7. _____James live with his girlfriend?
  8. _____ Chris and Sally eat meat?
  9. _____ your sister write a new book?
  10. _____ Alice like frogs?
  11. _____ your friends study in Oxford?
  12. _____ Peter wash the plates?
  13. _____ his grandparents live in the country?
  14. _____ the child cry at nights?
  15. _____ you live in Manchester?

Упражнение 2

Сделайте данные предложения Present Simple – вопросительными (Напишите общие вопросы, с помощью вспомогательных глаголов do и does):

  1. We ski in the park every Wednesday.
  2. Paul’s parents work in the garden every day.
  3. Jennifer eats pancakes in the morning.
  4. Boys never cry.
  5. Liz dances very well.
  6. My dog runs in the park in the evening.
  7. Bob plays chess.
  8. A lot of butterflies fly in the country.
  9. My cat likes to catch mice.
  10. Jane has a parrot.
  11. My grandmother buys bread every day.
  12. My younger brothers go to the lake every day.
  13. White eats ice-cream.
  14. These fish swim in the sea.
  15. That pizza smells good.

Упражнение 3

Ответьте на вопросы, с помощью кратких ответов Present Simple:

  1. Вопросительные знакиDoes Liz read a lot?
  2. Do you like cats?
  3. Do they know Alice?
  4. Does Bob have a ball?
  5. Does Paul do morning exercises?
  6. Does your father work at home?
  7. Does Jane sleep after school?
  8. Do you have a pen-friend?
  9. Does Max visit his grandparents on Thursday?
  10. Does Ann go to school by taxi?
  11. Do you drink coffee in the morning?
  12. Do you parents wake up at 6 o’clock?
  13. Does Mary catch butterflies in the park?
  14. Does this bird sing well?
  15. Do you spend your holidays in the country?

Упражнение 4

Измените данные предложения Present Simple в вопросительные (начинайте вопросы с вопросительного слова в скобках):

  1. My wife prefers salad to meat. (Who…?)
  2. Angel orders Italian food every Saturday. (What…?)
  3. I meet some friends at work. (Where…?)
  4. Mary likes pumpkin pies very much. (What…?)
  5. My sister often cooks breakfast. (Who…?)
  6. Jake watches TV two times a week. (How often…?)
  7. I go to Italy every summer. (Where…?)
  8. She likes English. (Which subject…?)
  9. Her mother speaks three languages. (How many languages…?)
  10. Polly and Alice help children. (Whom…?)

Упражнение 5

Напишите вопросительные предложения в Present Simple, используя данные слова:

  1. look at/every morning/Bob/does/the window?
  2. Знак вопросаstop/the bus/there/does?
  3. in the picture/does/paint/Peter/us?
  4. Nikki/bring to/what/school/does?
  5. for brunch/have/we/what/do?
  6. where/usually/lunch/do/you/have?
  7. does/call/how often/you/Alice?
  8. do/do/what/you/in the evening?
  9. you/your mother/this/does/give/this orange?
  10. juice/do/you/a lot of/drink?

Ответы к упражнениям на вопросительные предложения в Present Simple

Упражнение 1:

  1. do;
  2. do;
  3. does;
  4. does;
  5. do;
  6. do;
  7. does;
  8. do;
  9. does;
  10. does;
  11. do;
  12. does;
  13. do;
  14. does;
  15. do.

Упражнение 2:

  1. Do we ski in the park every Wednesday?
  2. Do Paul’s parents work in the garden every day?
  3. Does Jennifer eat pancakes in the morning?
  4. Do boys never cry?
  5. Does Liz dance very well?
  6. Does my dog run in the park in the evening?
  7. Does Bob play chess?
  8. Do a lot of butterflies fly in the country?
  9. Does my cat like to catch mice?
  10. Does Jane have a parrot?
  11. Does my grandmother buy bread every day?
  12. Do my younger brothers go to the lake every day?
  13. Does Mrs. White eat ice-cream?
  14. Do these fish swim in the sea?
  15. Does that pizza smell good?

Упражнение 3:

  1. Yes, she does/No, she doesn’t.
  2. Простое настоящее времяYes, I (we) do/No, I (we) don’t.
  3. Yes, they do/No, they don’t.
  4. Yes, he does/No, he doesn’t.
  5. Yes, he does/No, he doesn’t.
  6. Yes, he does/No, he doesn’t.
  7. Yes, she does/No, she doesn’t.
  8. Yes, I (we) do/No, I (we) don’t.
  9. Yes, he does/No, he doesn’t.
  10. Yes, she does/No, she doesn’t.
  11. Yes, I (we) do/No, I (we) don’t.
  12. Yes, they do/No, they don’t.
  13. Yes, she does/No, she doesn’t.
  14. Yes, it does/No, it doesn’t.
  15. Yes, I (we) do/No, I (we) don’t.

Упражнение 4:

  1. Who prefers salad to meat?
  2. What does Angel order every Saturday?
  3. Where do you meet some friend?
  4. What does Mary like very much?
  5. Who often cooks breakfast?
  6. How often does Jake watch TV?
  7. Where do you go every summer?
  8. Which subject does she like?
  9. How many languages does her mother speak?
  10. Whom does Polly and Alice help?

Упражнение 5:

  1. Does Bob look at the window every morning?
  2. Does the bus stop there?
  3. Does Peter paint us in the picture?
  4. What does Nikki bring to school?
  5. What do we have for branch?
  6. Where do you usually have lunch?
  7. How often does Alice call you?
  8. What do you do in the evening?
  9. Does your mother give you this orange?
  10. Do you drink a lot of juice?

Повторение Present Simple

Упражнение 1

Для отработки знаний, заполните пропуски, используя do или does, в соответствии с правилами Present Simple:

  1. ….. Sue want to go for a walk?
  2. Человек и красный знак вопросаMike and Peter …… not like rainy days.
  3. ….. Alice want to read?
  4. ….. they phone Phil?
  5. ….. you see my little puppy?
  6. Max ….. not go to the shopping center.
  7. ….. cats like to play with their tails?
  8. ….. your cat often sleep in the armchair?
  9. ….. you have a pet?
  10. ….. your little brother play with toys?
  11. ….. your father like his work?
  12. ….. his grandparents play chess?
  13. ….. Kate have a bookcase?
  14. Garry ….. not go to the gallery.
  15. I ….. not speak Spanish.

Упражнение 2

Вставьте вместо пропусков does, is или has, согласно правилам Present Simple:

  1. It _____ under the tree.
  2. My granny _____ got a big house.
  3. This sandwich _____ mine.
  4. My sister _____ not skate in the park.
  5. My cat _____ got three kittens.
  6. _____ she a good singer?
  7. _____ Tim got many toys?
  8. There _____ a lot of milk in the fridge.
  9. What colour _____ you pen?
  10. Kate _____ not like to ski.

Упражнение 3

Для закрепления знаний по теме, поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в нужной форме в Present Simple:

  1. Kim’s aunt (to live) in Sidney.
  2. We (to have) pasta for dinner.
  3. Jack (to wash up) after playing outside.
  4. Kate’s daughter (to drink) apple juice for breakfast.
  5. I (to work) every day.
  6. Our friends (to like) play indoor games.
  7. Ann (to like) to play with dolls.
  8. My cat (to run) in the yard.
  9. We (to visit) our grandparents every week.
  10. Alice (to ride) her bicycle well.

Упражнение 4

Напишите вопросительные предложения в Present Simple, используя данные слова:

  1. Человечек и галочкаmilk/does/drink/or/she/juice?
  2. poem/you/do/this/know?
  3. wash/your father/does/how often/his car?
  4. want to/Tim/come/does?
  5. Santa Clause/do/in/you/believe?
  6. does/he/home/when/come?
  7. have/Liz/how many toys/does?
  8. toys/you/with/sleep/do?
  9. be/Pam/does/a dancer/want to?
  10. wake up/your children/at 6 a. m./do?

Упражнение 5

Напишите вопросы в Present Simple к ответам:

  1. Liz wears his blue jeans every day. (What…?)
  2. Andrew wants to go to Italy. (Where…?)
  3. My brothers take our dog for a walk three times a day. (How often…?)
  4. I like to wear shirts. (What…?)
  5. Peter eats meat for dinner. (Who…?)
  6. Our class goes to the Zoo every year. (Where…?)
  7. I go to school at 8 o’clock. (When…?)
  8. Max work in the country. (What…?)
  9. Pam likes to play cricket. (What games…?)
  10. Tigers eat meat and fish. (What…?)

Упражнение 6

Поставьте английские наречия в скобках в предложения Present Simple на правильное место:

  1. We wait for Pete. (sometimes)
  2. Jenny tells about her holidays. (never)
  3. Grey writes dates on the blackboard. (always)
  4. Ann and Nikki play cricket. (often)
  5. Our pets sleep in the hall. (rarely)
  6. I decorate my room for the Christmas party. (always)
  7. My mother cooks a birthday cake. (always)
  8. Julia makes pasta for our friends. (often)
  9. Our grandparents buy a lot of souvenirs for us. (sometimes)
  10. Mike reads newspapers. (never)

Ответы к упражнениям на повторение Present Simple

Упражнение 1:

  1. does;
  2. do;
  3. does;
  4. do;
  5. do;
  6. does;
  7. do;
  8. does;
  9. do;
  10. does;
  11. does;
  12. do;
  13. does;
  14. does;
  15. do.

Упражнение 2:

  1. Мужчина размышляетis;
  2. has;
  3. is;
  4. does;
  5. has;
  6. is;
  7. has;
  8. is;
  9. is;
  10. does.

Упражнение 3:

  1. lives;
  2. have;
  3. washes up;
  4. drinks;
  5. work;
  6. like;
  7. likes;
  8. runs;
  9. visit;
  10. rides.

Упражнение 4:

  1. Does she drink milk or juice?
  2. Do you know this poem?
  3. How often does your father wash his car?
  4. Does Tim want to come?
  5. Do you believe in Santa Claus?
  6. When does he come home?
  7. How many toys does Liz have?
  8. Do you sleep with toys?
  9. Does Pam want to be a dancer?
  10. Do your children wake up at 6 a. m.?

Упражнение 5:

  1. ДиалогWhat does Liz wear every day?
  2. Where does Andrew want to go?
  3. How often do your brothers take your dog for a walk?
  4. What do you like to wear?
  5. Who eats meat for dinner?
  6. Where does your class go every year?
  7. When do you go to school?
  8. What does Max do in the country?
  9. What games does Pam like (to play)?
  10. What do tigers eat?

Упражнение 6:

  1. We sometimes wait for Pete.
  2. Jenny never tells about her holidays.
  3. Grey always writes dates on the blackboard.
  4. Ann and Nikki often play cricket.
  5. Our pets rarely sleep in the hall.
  6. I always decorate my room for the Christmas party.
  7. My mother always cooks a birthday cake.
  8. Julia often makes pasta for our friends.
  9. Our grandparents sometimes buy a lot of souvenirs for us.
  10. Mike never reads newspapers.

Упражнение на Present Simple и Present Continuous

Перед началом упражнения, повторите правила Present Progressive Tense (презент прогрессив), проведите сравнение двух времен. Правила легко найти онлайн в интернете. При выполнении упражнения старайтесь мысленно делать перевод предложений.

В задании раскройте скобки, используя Present Simple и Present Continuous (презент континиус):

  1. Kim (to play) hockey at the moment.
  2. Look, Jake (to wash) my car!
  3. Peter never (to sing) at home.
  4. The soup (to boil), turn it off.
  5. Granny always (to forget) her keys at work.
  6. They (to go) to the shopping center every Tuesday.
  7. Alex (to drink) orange juice now.
  8. Kara (to ride) Jack’s bicycle now.
  9. We (to go) in the country every winter.
  10. Paulina always (to help) her parents in the kitchen.
  11. Alice (to like) to read in the park.
  12. Don’t speak! I (to cook) a pizza for dinner.
  13. Mary never (to ask) silly questions.
  14. David (to watch) an old film about cowboys now.
  15. My parents are at home now. They (to clean) the house.

Ответы к упражнению на Present Simple и Present Continuous

  1. Человечек правилоKim is playing hockey at the moment.
  2. Look, Jake is washing my car!
  3. Peter never sings at home.
  4. The soup is boiling, turn it off.
  5. Granny always forgets her keys at work.
  6. They go to the shopping center Tuesday.
  7. Alex is drinking orange juice now.
  8. Kara is riding Jack’s bicycle now.
  9. We go in the country every winter.
  10. Paulina always helps her parents in the kitchen.
  11. Alice likes to read in the park.
  12. Don’t speak! I am cooking a pizza for dinner.
  13. Mary never asks silly questions.
  14. David is watching an old film about cowboys now.
  15. My parents are at home now. They are cleaning the house.

Заключение

Present Simple является одним из самых распространенных времен грамматики с широким спектром употребления. Без знания правил данной темы на любом уровне владения языком, невозможно выражать свои мысли и поддержать даже саму непринужденную беседу.

Чтобы ребенку было легче запомнить правила Present Simple, используйте игровые приемы, интересные тесты, в домашних условиях также можно использовать карточки или читать тексты, где употребляется настоящее время.

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