Полезные упражнения на Past Continuous с ответами и правила

Все действия в английском языке делятся на факты и длительность. Факты – это событие, окончание которого нам известно. Мы доделали уроки, выучили стихотворение, приготовили ужин.

Длительность – это процесс события, поэтапный ход действий. Окончание нам неизвестно – уроки делали (но могли что-то пропустить), а стихотворение – учили (но не выучили). Действия второго типа – все временные формы с приставкой Continuous.

Мальчик думает

Чтобы лучше закрепить это правило, начинающим нужно регулярно делать упражнения на Past Continuous в сравнении с Past Simple. Это самый яркий пример взаимодействия фактов и длительности в одном предложении.

Правила Past Continuous

Past Continuous – это:

  • Длительное действие (Пример: The girl was walking to school. – Девочка шла в школу. Мы не знаем, дошла ли она. У нас есть процесс – ее поход. Это и есть Past Continuous).
  • Действие в конкретный момент или период времени (The girl was walking to school at 2.45 p.m./The girl was walking to school from 2.00 p.m. to 3 p.m. – Девочка шла в школу в45 дня./ Девочка шла в школу с 2 до 3 дня).
  • Действие, которое может прерываться «точным» временем в Past Simple (The girl was walking to school when the cat fell down. – Девочка шла в школу, когда кот упал).
  • Past Continuous употребляется для выражения длительного действия в конкретный момент в прошлом или период времени, который может быть заменен действием в Past Simple.
  • Past Continuous может употребляться для подчеркивания одновременных действий в прошлом.

Таблица с примерами:

Сначала действие 1, когда (when) действие 2 Действие 1, в то время (while) как действие 2
I was doing my homework, when the snowstorm began. – Я делал уроки, когда начался снежный шторм. I was doing the housework while my husband was cooking the dinner. – Я делала работу по дому, в то время как мой муж готовил ужин.
Mary was baking a cake, when the telephone rang. – Мэри пекла пирог, когда зазвонил телефон. Sam was studying English while Joseph was listening to music. – Сэм учил английский, в то время как Джозеф слушал музыку.
Bred was sleeping in a bed, when mom came in. – Брэд спал в постели, когда мама зашла. Dan was fishing in the park while Mark was working hard. – Дэн ловил рыбу в парке, в то время как Марк тяжело работал.
Tom was fixing a car, when the dog barked. – Том чинил машину, когда собака залаяла. Helen was singing while her grandma was trying to sleep. – Хэлен пела, в то время как ее бабушка пыталась уснуть.
Parents were typing a letter, when the light has gone. – Родители печатали письмо, когда пропал свет Babies were crying while the baby-sitter was running. – Малыши плакали, в то время как няня бегала.
Cousins were reading a book, when the vase fell down. – Кузены читали книжку, когда ваза упала. The girls were riding while the audience was applauding. – Девочки ехали, в то время как аудитория аплодировала.

Как составлять предложения:

  • Вопросы. What were you doing when the car disappeared? – Что вы делали, когда машина пропала?
  • Отрицание. I wasn’t eating at the park! – Я не ел в парке!
  • Утверждение. We were making some toasts when the postman came. – Мы делали тосты, когда пришел почтальон.

Упражнения на Past Continuous

Для отработки и закрепления темы есть 12 основных типов упражнений, которые направлены на перевод, создание утвердительной, отрицательной и вопросительной формы в Past Continuous, на разговорную лексику и понимание смысла текста.

Упражнение 1

Поставьте глагол из скобок в нужную форму Past Continuous:

  • Ellie talked to the boss. She said that she 1) (write) an article.
  • James 2) (sleep) while she edited her article.
  • James 3) (eat) when she successfully closed the project.
  • When Elly 4) (go) home, James was no longer in the workplace.
  • The boss 5) (listen) for a long time. He did not know what to do.
  • James said he 6) (do) all the work for her, so he did not have time to hand over his project.
  • When Lucy entered the office, the boss 7) (write) something down in his notebook.
  • Lucy said that James and Ellie 8) (work) that morning.
  • When Lucy 9) (leave) for lunch, James did not sleep.
  • When Lucy 10) (speak) on the phone, Ellie wrote. None of them was lazy. But the boss 11) (look for) James’ work all day yesterday!
  • The boss called Arnold. “What 12) (do) that day?” – he asked. “From 9 to 10 I 13) (draw).
  • From 10 to 11 I 14) (speak) on the phone. From 11 to 12 I 15) (surf) the Internet. From 12 to 13 I 16) (eat) with Steve.
  • After lunch, I fell asleep and 17) (sleep) for another 3 hours. When I woke up, I realized that I didn’t do anything, so I 18) (think) about what to do for another hour.
  • One hour left. James and Lucy 19) (write) from 9 to 17. They wanted to write more than each other.
  • When James left, I 20) (stay) in the office. I 21) (delete) all his work, while Ellie was in another office. Yesterday you (look for) James’ work. And I managed to finish my own!

Упражнение 2

Прочтите и переведите текст, акцентируйте внимание на глаголы Past Continuous:

  1. Past Continuous в английскомLeo has a very unusual family.
  2. His mother and sister was driving to us from 18 to 8 o’clock.
  3. They arrived when I was cooking the breakfast.
  4. They arrived 6 hours earlier, and I was still cooking the dishes.
  5. Leo’s mother was having breakfast from 8 to 10 o’clock while Leo’s sister was drawing pictures.
  6. When I was washing the dishes,
  7. Leo’s sister painted the walls for us.
  8. I was cleaning the kitchen when Leo and his family went for a walk.
  9. From 11 to 13 I was cleaning the walls, which painted Leo’s sister.
  10. Then I was washing the plates after breakfast Leo’s mother.
  11. When Leo and his family arrived, I was still cooking! “I was cooking from 8 to 14 o’clock!” I shouted at Leo.
  12. While I was taking a bath, Leo was cooking.
  13. While I was doing makeup, Leo was cooking. While I was reading a book, Leo was cooking.
  14. I was sleeping from 19 to 20 o’clock.
  15. Leo came to me when I was getting dressed.
  16. “I was cooking from 14 to 20 o’clock!” Leo shouted at me.
  17. Leo and I were cooking while mom was reading a book.
  18. Leo and I was cooking while mom was taking a bath.
  19. Leo and I was cooking while mom was doing makeup.
  20. Hurry to have Christmas!

Упражнение 3

Ответьте на вопросы Past Continuous, используйте сначала краткую форму ответа, а потом полную:

  1. Человечек с лупойWere you going to the theatre at 8 o’clock? Yes
  2. Were you having breakfast at 10 o’clock? No
  3. Was your friend surfing the Internet when you called him or her? Yes
  4. Was your wife or husband reading when you entered the room? No
  5. Was your dog barking when somebody knocked? Yes
  6. Were the oven and iron working when you left the flat? No
  7. Were you running after the bus when the telephone rang? Yes
  8. Were you writing an essay at 9 o’clock last morning? No
  9. Was your cousin cooking when you were tidying your room? Yes

Упражнение 4

Используйте слова в скобках для создания вопроса или ответа, напишите пару вопрос-ответ в Past Continuous с использованием этих слов:

  • When I came to school, my classmates were playing. (chess)
  • When mum was sleeping, the baby was crying. (sadly)
  • Sam was waiting for me at 5 o’clock last week. (when)
  • I saw our teacher in the park. Mr. Smith was jogging. (where)
  • This winter was cold and the snow was falling. (what weather)
  • Mike was looking after his baby-brother at home. (where)
  • Her friend was packing some gifts when she came. (what)
  • Mum and dad were cooking dinner a week ago. (with whom)
  • They were writing something when the bell rang. (what)
  • We were listening to the story when the teacher entered the room. (what)

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Упражнение 5

Составьте вопросы, используя приведенные слова, задайте вопросы своим друзьям и запишите их ответы в Past Continuous:

  • to catch;
  • to fly;
  • to paint;
  • to call;
  • to dive;
  • to play;
  • to run;
  • to walk.

Упражнение 6

Вставьте слово в Past Continuous, которое будет подходить по смыслу:

  • Прошлое и будущееThe detective 1) __ who the murderer was.
  • He 2) __ through his notes to remember the information of each of the suspects.
  • On Saturday at 19:00, Elizabeth 3) __ in the park.
  • When she 4) __ to the house, she heard a shot.
  • Lily 5) __ the piano at 19.05.
  • When she 6) __ Chopin, she heard a shot. In 19.07, James 7) __ a picture.
  • When he 8) __ the girl’s eye, he heard a shot.
  • Mary 9) __ paints for James in London and 10) __ on the bus at 6.45 pm.
  • She 11) __ by bus from 18.45 to 20.00.
  • Butler 12) __the bush in 19.01.
  • When he 13) __ the last leave, he heard a shot.
  • Elizabeth 14) __ through the park, but did not see the butler.
  • The butler 15) __ the bush, but did not see Elizabeth walking.
  • Lily 16) __ in the big hall.
  • She said that James 17) __ when was the sound of the shot.
  • The detective 18) __ when Hercule Poirot entered the room.

Упражнение 7

Поставьте в правильном порядке слова в Past Continuous:

  1. cutting bush the Who was? The butler.
  2. Mary doing was What? Sitting in a bus.
  3. were and Where drawing Lily playing and James? In a big hall.
  4. walking Elisabeth park When butler were the and at the? At 19.00-19.01.
  5. London Mary Why was in buying paints? We don’t know.
  6. girl drawing was James the How? The butler.

Упражнение 8

Вставьте глаголы по смыслу в Past Continuous:

  1. The detective __ James yesterday from 2 to 7 pm.
  2. “__ he the car when I called?” – detective asked.
  3. Lily said that James __ to the mountains.
  4. “__ he to the market when I called?” – detective asked.
  5. Elizabeth said that James __ to the grocery store.
  6. When the detective arrived at the house, James __ in the bed.
  7. “__ in the bed he when I called?” – detective asked.
  8. Mary said that James __ in the bed when the detective called.
  9. When the doctor came, James __ in the bed.
  10. The doctor __ to wake James up when the phone rang.

Упражнение 9

В скобках приведены вопросительные слова, используйте их и задайте вопрос к предложению в Past Continuous:

  1. Ребенок с книгамиThe doctor was healing James from 10.00 to 14.00 o’clock. (whom)
  2. He said that someone poisoned him when James was eating and drawing yesterday from 10 a.m. to 8 pm. (what)
  3. James didn’t remember what he was eating and drinking yesterday from 10.00 to 14.00 o’clock. (when)
  4. Lily and Elizabeth was reading the book from 11.00 to 14.00 o’clock. (who)
  5. Mary was mixing paints James from 10.00 to 12.00 o’clock. (what)
  6. The butler was cooking food from 10.00 to 14.00 o’clock. (why)

Упражнение 10

Представленные утвердительные предложения нужно перефразировать в отрицание в Past Continuous:

  1. I was looking for a house.
  2. You were buying a pet-mouse.
  3. We were drinking the green tea.
  4. They were swimming in the sea.
  5. He was playing with a cat.
  6. She was wearing a hat.
  7. It was barking in a flat.

Упражнение 11

Представленные утвердительные предложения перефразируйте в вопросы в Past Continuous:

  1. I was jumping in a park.
  2. You were getting some good marks.
  3. We were laughing all the way.
  4. They were sleeping the whole day.
  5. He was buying a gift to wife.
  6. She was cooking with a knife.
  7. It was playing in the yard.

Упражнение 12

Переведите на английский язык в Past Continuous:

  1. Детектив думал вчера с 15.00 до 19.00.
  2. “Лили, ты читала книгу в тот день?”
  3. “Да, Элизабет и я читали книгу в тот день”.
  4. “Вы видели Мэри, когда вы читали?”.
  5. “Нет, мы не видели Мэри, когда мы читали”.
  6. “Дворецкий, вы готовили в тот день?”.
  7. “Да, я готовил в тот день”.
  8. “Вы видели Мэри, когда вы готовили?”.
  9. “Нет, я не видел Мэри, когда я готовил”.
  10. Детектив назвал Мэри убийцей, пока Джеймс спал.

Ответы на упражнения Past Continuous

Exercise 1:

1. was writing;

2. was sleeping;

3. was eating;

4. was going;

5. was listening;

6. was doing;

7. was writing;

8. were working;

9. was leaving;

10. was speaking;

11. was looking for;

12. were you doing;

13. was drawing;

14. was speaking;

15. was surfing;

16. was eating;

17. was sleeping;

18. was thinking;

19. were writing;

20. was staying;

21. was deleting;

22. were looking for.

Exercise 2:

1. У Лео была очень необычная семья.

2. Его мама и сестра ехали к нам с 18.00 до 8.00.

3. Они приехали, когда я готовила завтрак.

4. Они приехали на 6 часов раньше, и я еще готовила блюда.

5. Мама Лео завтракала с 8 до 10, пока сестра Лео рисовала картинки.

6. Когда я мыла посуду, сестра Лео разрисовала нам стены.

7. Я убиралась в кухне, когда Лео с семьей уехали гулять.

8. С 11 до 13 я вытирала стены, которые разрисовала сестра Лео.

9. Потом я мыла тарелки после завтрака мамы Лео.

10. Когда Лео с семьей приехали, я все еще готовила!

11. «Я готовлю с 8 до 14!» – я кричала на Лео.

12. Пока я принимала ванну, Лео готовил.

13. Пока я делала макияж, Лео готовил.

14. Пока я читала книгу, Лео готовил.

15. Я спала с 19.00 до 20.00.

16. Лео пришел ко мне, когда я одевалась.

17. «Я готовлю с 14 до до 20!» – кричал Лео на меня.

18. Я и Лео готовили, пока мама читала книгу.

19. Я и Лео готовили, пока мама принимала ванну.

20. Я и Лео готовили, пока мама делала макияж.

21. Скорей бы уже Рождество!

Exercise 3:

1. Yes, I was. Yes, I was going to the theatre at 8 o’clock.

2. No, I wasn’t. I wasn’t having breakfast at 10 o’clock.

3. Yes, he/she was. He/she was surfing the Internet when I called him or her.

4. No, she/he wasn’t. She/he wasn’t reading when I entered the room.

5. Yes, it was. It was barking when somebody knocked.

6. No, they weren’t. The oven and iron weren’t working when I left the flat.

7. Yes, I was. I was running after the bus when the telephone rang?

8. No, I wasn’t. I wasn’t writing an essay at 9 o’clock last morning.

9. Yes, he/she was. My cousin was cooking when I was tidying my room.

Exercise 4:

1. What game my classmates were playing? – Chess.

2. How was the baby crying? – Sadly.

3. When was Sam waiting for me? – At 5 o’clock last week.

4. Where was Mr. Smith jogging? – In the park.

5. What weather was this winter? – Cold and the snow was falling.

6. Where was Mike looking after his baby-brother? At home.

7. What was her friend packing when she came? Some gifts.

8. With whom was mum cooking dinner a week ago? With dad.

9. What happened when they were writing? The bell rang.

10. What were we listening to when the teacher entered the room? The story.

Exercise 5:

Question James Mary Bred Liam
Were you catching a ball last Saturday at 10 o’clock? Yes, I was. No, I wasn’t. Yes, I was catching a ball last Saturday at 10 o’clock. Yes, my friends and I were catching a ball.
Were you flying in a plane last Saturday at 10 o’clock? No, I wasn’t. Yes, I was! I came back home. No, I wasn’t flying in a plane last Saturday at 10 o’clock. No, but my wife was.
Were you painting walls in the bedroom last Saturday at 10 o’clock? No, I wasn’t. Yes, I was an hour later! At 11 o’clock I mean. I got back my home and found out that my cut chewed up the wallpaper. No, I wasn’t painting walls in the bedroom last Saturday at 10 o’clock. Nearly. I was painting walls an hour before.
Were you calling your daughter last Saturday at 10 o’clock? Yes, I was! She was at gym with me. No, I wasn’t. No, I wasn’t calling my daughter last Saturday at 10 o’clock. No, I don’t have a daughter.
Were you diving in Sidney last Saturday at 10 o’clock? No, I wasn’t. Yes, I was diving that day. No, I wasn’t diving in Sydney last Saturday at 10 o’clock. No, I’ve never been to Sydney.
Were you playing basketball last Saturday at 10 o’clock? Yes, I was. No, I wasn’t. Yes, I was playing basketball last Saturday at 10 o’clock. Yes, I was!
Were you running away from the dog last Saturday at 10 o’clock? No, I wasn’t. No, I wasn’t. No, I wasn’t running away from the dog last Saturday at 10 o’clock. Unfortunately yes, I was. It’s happened after training.
Were you walking down the street last Saturday at 10 o’clock? No, I wasn’t. Yes, I was. Yes, I was walking down the street last Saturday at 10 o’clock. Yes, I was.

Exercise 6:

1. was thinking;

2. was looking;

3. was walking;

4. was coming;

5. was playing;

6. was playing;

7. was drawing;

8. was drawing;

9. was buying;

10. was sitting;

11. was going;

12. was cutting;

13. was cutting;

14. was walking;

15. was cutting;

16. was playing;

17. wasn’t drawing;

18, was sleeping.

Exercise 7:

1. Who was cutting the bush?

2. What was Mary doing?

3. Where were Lily and James playing and drawing?

4. When were the butler and Elisabeth walking at the park?

5. Why was Mary buying paints in London?

6. How were James drawing the girl?

Exercise 8:

1. was calling;

2. Was he driving;

3. was driving;

4. Was he going;

5. was going;

6. was sleeping;

7. Was he sleeping;

8. was sleeping;

9. was sleeping;

10.was trying.

Exercise 9:

1. Why was the butler cooking food from 10.00 to 14.00 o’clock?

2. What was Mary mixing from 10.00 to 12.00 o’clock?

3. Who was reading the book from 11.00 to 14.00 o’clock?

4. Whom was the doctor healing from 10.00 to 14.00 o’clock?

5. What was James doing when someone poisoned him?

6. When James was eating and drinking?

Exercise 10:

1. I wasn’t looking for a house.

2. You weren’t buying a pet-mouse.

3. We weren’t drinking the green tea.

4. They weren’t swimming in the sea.

5. He wasn’t playing with a cat.

6. She wasn’t wearing a hat.

7. It wasn’t barking in a flat.

Exercise 11:

1. Was I jumping in a park?

2. Were you getting some good marks?

3. Were we laughing all the way?

4. Were they sleeping the whole day?

5. Was he buying a gift to wife?

6. Was she cooking with a knife?

7. Was it playing in the yard?

Exercise 12:

1. Detective was thinking yesterday from 15.00 to 19.00.

2. “Lily, were you reading the book that day?”

3. “Yes, Elizabeth and I were reading a book that day.”

4. “Were you looking at Mary when you read?”

5. “No, we weren’t looking at Mary when we read.”

6. “Butler, were you cooking that day?”.

7. “Yes, I was cooking that day.”

8. “Were you looking at Mary when you cooked?”

9. “No, I wasn’t looking at Mary when I cooked.”

10. A detective called Mary a murderer while James was sleeping.

Упражнение на сравнение Past Simple и Past Continuous

Переведите:

  1. Mary kept silent and hung her head down.
  2. Mary was crying while the detective was speaking.
  3. James was sleeping while the detective was speaking.
  4. When James found out that Mary was a murderer, he did not believe anyone.
  5. “Wasn’t Mary going by bus at that time?” He asked.
  6. The detective explained that Mary wasn’t going by bus from 18.45 to 20.00.
  7. Mary was going by bus from 6 p.m. to 7 p.m.
  8. None of the buses was going at 6.45 p.m.
  9. Mary arrived at the house at 19.05.
  10. Elizabeth and Lily were crying.

Ответы

1. Мэри промолчала и опустила голову вниз.

2. Мэри плакала, пока детектив говорил.

3. Джеймс спал, пока детектив говорил.

4. Когда Джеймс узнал, что Мэри убийца, он не поверил никому.

5. «Разве Мэри не ехала в это время в автобусе?», – спросил он.

6. Детектив объяснил, что Мэри не ехала на автобусе с 18.45 до 20.00.

7. Мэри ехала с 18.00 до 19.00.

8. Ни один автобус не выезжал в 18.45.

9. Мэри приехала в дом в 19.05.

10. Элизабет и Лили плакали.

Упражнение на Past Continuous Passive

Переведите из активного залога в Passive Voice:

  1. Lucy and Jack were tidying a room.
  2. Mark wasn’t cooking the dinner.
  3. The birds were feeding the chicks.
  4. Students were watching the Harry Potter.
  5. Who was looking for the pen?
  6. Why were brothers giving the presents?
  7. Were mum and dad cleaning the floor when the baby shouted?

Ответы

1. A room was being tidied by Lucy and Jack.

2. The dinner wasn’t being cooked by Mark.

3. The chicks were being fed by the birds.

4. The Harry Potter was being watched by the students.

5. By whom was the pen being looking for?

6. Why were the presents being given by brothers?

7. Was the floor being cleaned by mum and dad when the baby shouted?

Заключение

Past Continuous Tense (прошедшее продолженное) служит для описания действия в прошлом. Нас не интересует конец или итог события – только процесс достижения.

Чтобы максимально эффективно закрепить тему изученного грамматического материала и правильно употреблять в речи необходимо делать тренировочные упражнения онлайн. Переводите на английский и обратно, ставьте слова в правильном порядке и раскрывайте скобки – все это поможет понять разницу употребления Past Simple и Past Continuous.

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