ТОП-150 основных глаголов английского языка с переводом и произношением

Данная статья будет полезна тем, кто только начал изучать английский язык, возможно даже, вы только выучили алфавит и на этом ваши познания в английском закончились.

Изучение английского

Поэтому если не знаете, что учить после букв (а это первое, что вы должны выучить), то смело открывайте эту статью, в которой даны сто пятьдесят самых важных и часто используемых глаголов в английском языке. В таблице будут не только глаголы, но также их перевод, транскрипция, различные формы и способы употребления.

Скорее приступайте к изучению самых популярных английских глаголов.

150 самых важных глаголов английского языка

В данной таблице будут представлены глаголы, которые просто обязан выучить каждый новичок в английском языке, потому что именно они составляют восемьдесят процентов всей устной речи англоговорящих людей.

К глаголам будут прилагаться перевод на русский, транскрипция, прошедшие формы и примеры, поэтому и учить их будет интересно и весело. В таблице представлены как правильные, так и неправильные глаголы.

Глагол на английском Транскрипция глагола Перевод глагола Форма прошедшего времени Форма прошедшего причастия Пример употребления
1 To go |ɡəʊ| Идти Went Gone My sister goes to school almost every day.
2 To run |rʌn| Бежать Ran Run Lisa is running to the shop.
3 To jump |dʒʌmp| Прыгать Jumped Jumped I really like to jump in FP lessons.
4 To Stay |steɪ| Стоять Staid Staid My mother was standing near our house.
5 To sleep |sliːp| Спать Slept Slept My young siblings like sleeping till the afternoon.
6 To eat |iːt| Есть Ate Eaten Do not eat those tomatoes!
7 To drink |drɪŋk| Пить Drank Drunk She likes drinking water in the morning.
8 To want |wɒnt| Хотеть Wanted Wanted My parents want me to enter the university.
9 To love |ˈlʌv| Любить Loved Loved I do not love that boy. He is so rude.
10 To hate |heɪt| Ненавидеть Hated Hated I hate jogging.
11 To like |ˈlaɪk| Нравиться Liked Liked I know that my brother likes you.
12 To prefer |prɪˈfəː| Предпочитать Preferred Preferred Alice prefers eating meat.
13 To play |ˈpleɪ| Играть Played played Meacky can play the piano and the guitar.
14 To look |lʊk| Смотреть Looked Looked Look at him! He is falling.
15 To watch |wɒtʃ| Наблюдать Watched Watched I like watching interesting TV shows.
16 To do |duː| Делать Did Done Where do you usually do your homework?
17 To make |ˈmeɪk| Создавать Made Made This vase is made by my mother.
18 To hear |hɪə| Слышать Heard Heard Have you heard about this book?
19 To listen |ˈlɪsənd| Слушать Listened Listened Do not worry. I am just listening to music.
20 To be |bi| Быть Was / were Been Trevor is a good teacher.
21 To have |hæv| Иметь Had had I have got a new car.
22 To say |ˈseɪ| Говорить Said Said She said that her parents were doctors.
23 To tell |tel| Рассказывать Told Told Tell me the truth, little man.
24 To ask |ɑːsk| Спрашивать Asked Asked She asked my cousin about his school.
25 To answer |ˈɑːnsə| Отвечать Answered Answered You did not answer in my question.
26 To exist |ɪɡˈzɪst| Находиться Existed Existed There exists another point of view on this issue.
27 To lose |luːz| Терять Lost Lost I have lost my smartphone.
28 To give |ɡɪv| Давай Gave Given What did Eric give you on your birthday?
29 To take |teɪk| Брать Took Taken She is taken care of very well.
30 To come |kʌm| Приходить Came Come Do not come to my house anymore, you are a liar!
31 To think |θɪŋk| Думать Thought Thought I am thinking about what I want to do tomorrow.
32 To work |ˈwɜːk| Работать Worked Worked Mary works in the hospital.
33 To try |ˈtraɪ| Стараться Tried Tried I try every time but I also cannot do it.
34 To leave |liːv| Уезжать Left Left She left yesterday. Do not wait for her.
35 To arrive |əˈrʌɪv| Прибывать Arrived Arrived My plane is arriving at 9 o`clock.
36 To need |niːd| Нуждаться Needed Needed You don’t need her help!
37 To shine |ʃʌɪn| Сиять Shone Shone She shines like a diamond.
38 To seem |siːm| Казаться Seemed Seemed It seems dangerous.
39 To stop |stɒp| Становиться Stopped Stopped Stop here and do not move!
40 To sing |sɪŋ| Петь Sang Sung She sang this song very well.
41 To dance |dɑːns| Танцевать Danced Danced I dance every day and everywhere.
42 To ring |rɪŋ| Звонить Rang Rung Ring the bell, little boy.
43 To put |ˈpʊt| Класть Put Put Put your book on the table.
44 To feel |fiːl| Чувствовать Felt Felt I feel bad. I do not go to school.
45 To save |seɪv| Спасать Saved Saved Save his life.
46 To help |help| Помогать Helped Helped Help your mother.
47 To spend |spɛnd| Тратить Spent Spent I spent my free time.
48 To waste |weɪst| Тратить впустую Wasted Wasted Waste the money.
49 To allow |əˈlaʊ| Позволять Allowed Allowed Allow your children to do this.
50 To believe |bɪˈliːv| Верить Believed Believed Believe me, please.
51 To mean |miːn| Иметь в  виду Meant Meant What do you mean?
52 To happen |ˈhap(ə)n| Случаться Happened Happened It just happens.
53 To include |ɪnˈkluːd| Включать Included Included The project includes rules.
54 To change |tʃeɪn(d)ʒ| Менять Changed Changed She changed her mind.
55 To move |muːv| Переезжать Moved Moved Move to the new flat.
56 To stand |stand| Стоять Stood Stood Stand near me.
57 To appear |əˈpɪə| Появляться Appeared Appeared Appear suddenly.
58 To disappear |dɪsəˈpɪə| Исчезать Disappeared Disappeared Disappear immediately.
59 To open |ˈəʊpən| Открывать Opened Opened Open the door.
60 To close |kləʊs| Закрывать Closed Closed Close the shop.
61 To attack |əˈtak| Атаковать Attacked Attacked Attach enemies.
62 To avoid |əˈvɔɪd| Избегать Avoided Avoided Try to avoid problems.
63 To fear |fɪə| Бояться Feared Feared Don’t fear spiders.
64 To buy |baɪ| Покупать Bought Bought Buy new books.
65 To sell |sel| Продавать Sold Sold I don’t want to sell marks.
66 To bring |brɪŋ| Приносить Brought Brought Bring food.
67 To learn |ləːn| Учиться Learnt Learnt Learn something new.
68 To study |ˈstʌdi| Обучаться Studied Studied Everyone likes to study at school.
69 To teach |tiːtʃ| Преподавать / учить Taught Taught Somebody should teach pupils.
70 To win |wɪn| Побеждать Won Won We wanted to win the game.
71 To lose |luːz| Проигрывать Lost Lost They have lost the match.
72 To live |lɪv| Жить Lived Lived Mary decided to live in London.
73 To die |daɪ| Умирать Died Died Die young.
74 To write |rʌɪt| Писать Wrote Written Write a letter.
75 To read |riːd| Читать Read Read Read the newspaper.
76 To continue |kənˈtɪnjuː| Продолжать Continued Continued Johnny didn’t want to continue the game.
77 To meet |miːt| Встречать Met Met I alwasys meet  my friends.
78 To offer |ˈɒfə| Предлагать Offered Offered Offer a drink.
79 To follow |ˈfɒləʊ| Следовать Followed Followed Follow them.
80 To prohibit |prə(ʊ)ˈhɪbɪt| Запрещать Prohibited Prohibited The goverment decided to prohibit the song.
81 To accuse |əˈkjuːz| Обвинять Accused Accused He was asked not to accuse her.
82 To develop |dɪˈvɛləp| Развивать Developed Developed He failed trying to develop his business.
83 To fall |fɔːl| Падать Fell Fallen Don’t fall from the bed.
84 To carry |ˈkari| Нести Carried Carried Carry a bag, please!
85 To produce |prəˈdjuːs| Производить Produced Produced This company produces trash.
86 To celebrate |ˈsɛlɪbreɪt| Праздновать Celebrated Celebrated Let’s celebrate Hanna’s birthday.
87 To bleed |bliːd| Кровоточить Bled Bled His wound was bleeding very much.
88 To cook |kʊk| Готовить Cooked Cooked Sam is trying to cook dinner.
89 To prepare |prɪˈpɛː| Приготавливать Prepared Prepared Prepare for the party.
90 To support |səˈpɔːt| Поддерживать Supported Supported We should support our friends.
91 To thank |θaŋk| Благодарить Thanked Thanked Thank for help.
92 To raise |reɪz| Воспитывать Raised Raised This woman raises her child alone.
93 To agree |əˈɡriː| Соглашаться Agreed Agreed Agree with him.
94 To understand |ʌndəˈstand| Понимать Understood Understood Who can understand the book?
95 To receive |rɪˈsiːv| Получать Received Received I wish to receive a letter.
96 To hope |həʊp| Надеяться Hoped Hoped Hope on the best.
97 To choose |tʃuːz| Выбирать Chose Chosen My aim is to choose the career.
98 To decide |dɪˈsʌɪd| Решать Decided Decided What did Michel decide about tomorrow?
99 To break |breɪk| Ломать broke Broken Emily broke a beautiful vase.
100 To catch |katʃ| Ловить Caught Caught It can catch the mice.
101 To swim |swɪm| Плавать Swam Swim My friend’s mother can swim very well.
102 To beat |biːt| Ударять Beat Beaten Never beat the children.
103 To depend |dɪˈpɛnd| Зависеть Depended Depended My work depends on Internet.
104 To deny |dɪˈnaɪ| Отрицать Denied Denied He kept silent and even denied to drink.
105 To kill |kɪl| Убивать Killed Killed Kill the people.
106 To wait |weɪt| Ожидать Waited Waited Let’s wait for parents.
107 To explain |ɪkˈspleɪn| Объяснять Explained Explained The thief explained the plan.
108 To solve |sɒlv| Решать проблему Solved Solved You don’t solve the problem.
109 To achieve |əˈtʃiːv| Достигать Achieved Achieved Always try to achieve the goal.
110 To suggest |səˈdʒɛst| Предлагать Suggested Suggested A new course of study was suggested to her.
111 To advise |ədˈvʌɪz| Советовать Advised Advised Advise your friend something good.
112 To discover |dɪˈskʌvə| Открывать новое Discovered Discovered Scientists always discover something.
113 To rise |raɪz| Подниматься Rose Risen Sun rises in the morning.
114 To dream |driːm| Мечтать Dreamt / dreamed Dreamt / dreamed It is absolutely normal to dream about this kind of things.
115 To drive |drʌɪv| Водить машину Drove Driven I was driven to the library by my boyfriend.
116 To smile |smʌɪl| Улыбаться Smiled Smiled Smile and have much fun!
117 To laugh |lɑːf| Смеяться Laughed Laughed Lucy was laughing very much. It looked really strange.
118 To cry |kraɪ| Плакать Cried Cried Do not cry, my baby. Everything well be okay.
119 To wear |weə| Носить Wore Worn She likes wearing black dressed and long coats.
120 To start |stɑːt| Начинать Started Started Let`s start with this song.
121 To visit |ˈvɪzɪt| Посещать Visited Visited Did you visit this museum last week?
122 To fly |flaɪ| Летать Flew Flown It feels like I am flying.
123 To hold |həʊld| Держать Held Held He was holding my hand yesterday.
124 To talk |ˈtɔːk| Говорить с кем-то Talked Talked I love talking with my favorite granny.
125 To scream |skriːm| Кричать Screamed Screamed She screamed when she saw a spider.
126 To travel |ˈtrav(ə)l| Путешествовать Travelled Travelled My family travel very much.
127 To find |faɪnd| Искать Found Found Look at what I have found!
128 To turn |tɜːn| Поворачивать Turned Turned She turned her head to the door.
129 To wish |wɪʃ| Желать Wished Wished I wish you good luck.
130 To plan |plæn| Планировать Planned Planned I am planning it now.
131 To lead |liːd| Вести Led Led My team is led by that guy.
132 To repeat |rɪˈpiːt| Повторять Repeated Repeated Repeat slowly, please.
133 To approve |əˈpruːv| Одобрять Approved Approved My project is approved.
134 To discuss |dɪˈskʌs| Обсуждать Discussed Discussed Your parents and teachers are discussing your future now.
135 To cut |kʌt| Резать Cut Cut Please, cut this bread for sandwiches.
136 To escape |ɪˈskeɪp| Сбегать Escaped Escaped Your friend escaped from the prison. Did you hear anything from him?
137 To fill |fɪl| Наполнять Filled Filled You will fill this glass with your tears!
138 To fish |fɪʃ| Ловить рыбу Fished Fished My father likes fishing.
139 To forgive |fəˈɡɪv| Прощать Forgave Forgiven I cannot forgive you. It is very difficult for me.
140 To grow |ɡrəʊ| Расти Grew Grown These plants are grown by my grandfather.
141 To hurt |hɜːt| Ранить Hurt Hurt My mother`s head is hurting.
142 To keep |kiːp| Держать / хранить Kept Kept Sweety, please, keep avoiding John. He scares me.
143 To interest |ˈɪnt(ə)rɪst| Интересоваться Interested Interested Emily interests this strange picture very much.
144 To joke |dʒəʊk| Шутить Joked Joked He is so funny; he really likes joking.
145 To know |nəʊ| Знать Knew Known I have known this person since my childhood.
146 To lie |laɪ| Врать Lain Lain Do not lie me anymore?
147 To notice |ˈnəʊtɪs| Замечать Noticed Noticed You should not notice this sad fact.
148 To obey |əˈbeɪ| Слушаться Obeyed Obеyed He cannot serve in the army because he does not want to obey.
149 To operate |ˈɒpəreɪt| Оперировать Operated Operated My close friend is being operated on right now.
150 To order |ˈɔːdə| Заказывать Ordered Ordered What do you want to order, honey?

Заключение

Глаголы – это одна из самых важных тем в английском, так как, согласно грамматике, в каждом английском предложении содержится глагол, даже если вы его и не видите.

Выше была таблица, содержащая список с самыми важными глаголами в английском языке, которые нужно знать новичку. Учите их внимательно, а также не забывайте применять на практике, чтобы знания остались в вашей голове, а время не было потрачено зря.

Удачи в изучении английского языка!

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