Упражнения на Past Perfect и Past Perfect Continuous c подробными ответами

Past Perfect – одно из прошедших времён английского языка, которое, к тому же по своему построению и употреблению является одним из самых лёгких времён. Past Perfect обозначает «предпрошедшее» время, то есть это события, которые произошли до определённого момента в прошлом. Более подробную информацию и форму этого времени вы можете узнать непосредственно в правиле.

Девочка на книгах

В этой же статье вы будете выполнять различные упражнения, которые помогут вам отработать употребления и построения Past Perfect. Ниже вам будут даны упражнения, затрагивающие самые разные аспекты и темы данного времени на английском языке. И именно это делает эту статью очень полезной и содержательной.

Скорее повторяйте правило Past Perfect и начинайте выполнять предложенные упражнения!

Упражнения на Past Perfect

Ниже вы сможете найти упражнения, которые помогут вам не только выучить Past Perfect, но и отработать навык его употребления. К каждому упражнению будут прилагаться ответы. НО их следует использовать только для самопроверки, не нужно подсматривать в них раньше времени, иначе толку от вашей работы просто не будет.

Упражнение 1

Вам даны словосочетания и незаконченная часть предложений. Ваша задача – поставить словосочетания в это предложение, изменив его время на Past Perfect. Если вам непонятно, то воспользуйтесь примером.

Пример:

To clean all dishes / them my mother and father came home, I… – When my mother and father came home, I had cleaned all dishes.

To do their homework, to go to the London with parents, to give much money for her purchases, to see that interesting film.

  1. When I went to school, my friends already…
  2. Before my little sister went to the shopping, our parents…
  3. Alice could not see her boyfriend before her arrival because he…
  4. My friend Emma did not go to the cinema with us because she already…

Ответы на упражнение с Past Perfect:

  1. When I went to school, my friends had already done their math homework.
  2. Before my little sister went to the shopping, our parents had given her much money for her purchases.
  3. Alice could not see her boyfriend before her arrival because he had gone to London with parents.
  4. My friend Emma did not go to the cinema with us because she had already seen that interesting film.

Упражнение 2

В этом упражнении вам даны предложения. На место пропусков вам нужно поставить глагол во времени Past Perfect. Перед выполнением упражнения повторите форму построения данного времени.

  1. Mary`s parents did not live in the big city anymore because they ____ (to move) to the country with all their children and relatives.
  2. My and Bettie`s children were playing in the back yard after they ____ (to come) from their school. They were so happy and playful.
  3. My grandparents ____ (not to see) me and my brother for ten years. And when we met, they did not recognize us. It was such a strange situation and at the same time an interesting situation.
  4. Tom, Alice and their best friends came home so soon from London because they ____ (to spent) all their money in the summer vacation.
  5. Dilan`s smile was something that Mary _____ (to see) never before in her short life. It was strange but magnificent and magic too. She was confused about it.

Ответы на упражнение с Past Perfect:

  1. had moved;
  2. had come;
  3. had not seen;
  4. had spent;
  5. had never seen.

Упражнение 3

Вам дана инфинитивная форма глаголов на английском языке. Вам нужно поставить их во время Past Perfect и заполнить пропуски в предложениях, расположенных ниже.

  1. Образование Past PerfectWhen my little sister went to her bed she remembered that she _____ (to switch) off all light in the room. I asked her to do it because I do not like sleep with light.
  2. Last summer Madison went to her holiday after she ____ (to pass) all her exams. The girl went to her grandparents` country house with her siblings.
  3. Johnathan _____ (to begin) to study art and architecture before he started to work as a skilled and professional builder of modern buildings in his hometown near Mexico.
  4. Peter scarcely ____ (to say) his first words about last news when Marissa interrupted him. The man was really angry and upset about this situation and interruption.
  5. My family sat down to the dinner table only then the guests _____ (to come) with a lot of different and beautiful presents for all of us.

Ответы на упражнение с Past Perfect:

  1. had not switched;
  2. had passed;
  3. had begun;
  4. had said;
  5. had come.

Упражнение 4

Вам даны предложения с пропусками, в которые нужно подставить глагол, расположенный в скобках, во время Past Perfect:

  1. Edison did not want to start speaking until the children ____ (to leave) the room in which they had been playing computer games about three hours. She did not love little kids and everybody knew it.
  2. My parents and I reached the volleyball ground when the game of my little brother ____ (to start) already. He was a little bit disappointed about this situation.
  3. My friends and I ____ (not to say) any words until Elisabeth finished her interesting and mystic story about what happened with her last week. That was a really strange but interesting story.
  4. Peter could understand this difficult problem as soon as the math teacher _____ (to explain) how to solve it without any efforts.
  5. David hardly ____ (to be) there for ten minutes when his boyfriend and friends came in this place with a lot of bags in their hands.

Ответы на упражнение с Past Perfect:

  1. had left;
  2. had already started;
  3. had not said;
  4. had explained;
  5. had been.

Упражнение 5

Перед вами находятся два предложения в прошедшем времени. Вам нужно определить какое из действий в них произошло раньше, изменить, если необходимо, то или иное предложение и соединить их при помощи BEFORE, не меняя местами.

  1. Melody wrote a lot of letters to her close friend and her parents in Manchester. Melody went to the nearest post office.
  2. Justin had dinner with his family. He went to the cinema with his girlfriend and her friends. He said that it was really funny and joyful.
  3. Rose`s parents cooked dinner for all guests and their children. Their own daughter came after extra English classes.
  4. Alice realized that she was going to faint. It happened with all her friends and mates at school where she studied.

Ответы на упражнение с Past Perfect:

  1. Melody had written a lot of letters for her close friend and her parents in Manchester before she went to the nearest post office.
  2. Justin had had dinner with the whole family before he went to the cinema with his girlfriend and his girlfriend`s friends. He said that it was really amazing and interesting evening.
  3. Rose`s parents had cooked dinner for all guests and children in the house before their own daughter came after extra English classes with her friends.
  4. Alice had realized that she has been going to faint before it happened with all her close friends and mates at school where she had studied.

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Упражнение 6

Данное упражнение похоже на предыдущее, но с некоторым отличием. Вам нужно соединить два предложения в одно при помощи связок before, as soon as, after и использования времени Past Perfect.

  1. Пожелание удачи на английском(since) Peter did not see his parents. He moved to the big city because he wanted to study new subjects. They only called each other on holidays and nothing more.
  2. (as soon as) My class hardly left the town where we stayed. There began to happen strange occasions with disappearance people and little children.
  3. (after) David looked very pale and strange. He was ill for a whole month. Everybody thought that he could not get better and become healthy again.
  4. (before) My grandfather left the house. He realized that that forgot his gloves and scarf at home. But he did not want to go back.
  5. (after) I did my homework and cleaned all rooms in the house and also washed dishes. I was playing interesting computer games with my elder brother.

Ответы на упражнение с Past Perfect.

  1. Peter had not seen his parents since he moved to the nearest city because he wanted to study new subjects. They just called each other on holidays and nothing more.
  2. My class hardly had left the town where we had stayed as soon as there began to happen strange occasions with disappearance of people and their little children at nights.
  3. David looked very pale and unhealthy after he had been ill for a whole month. Everybody thought that he could not get better and be healthy anymore.
  4. My grandfather had left the house before he realized that he had forgotten his gloves and scarf at home. But he did not want to return.
  5. I did my homework and cleaned all rooms in the house and also washed dishes after I had played interesting computer games with my elder brother.

Упражнение 7

Вам нужно дополнить недостающую часть предложения, написав её во времени Past Perfect:

  1. Mary went to her friend Sierra’s house after she…
  2. My parents made me to stay home for all my summer holidays after they…
  3. Dilan came back to his home town where he….
  4. When Tomas`s grandparents returned to their country house the boy….
  5. When the expedition returned from South Africa they said….
Обратите внимание, что в данном упражнение ваш ответы могут не сходиться с тем, что в статье, потому что это задание подразумевает использование фантазии. ГЛАВНОЕ, чтобы вы соблюдали правильную конструкцию построения.

Ответы упражнение с Past Perfect:

  1.  … had cooked lunch for all her little brothers and sisters. She also had made a big and tasty pie for them.
  2.  … had known my marks in English and math. I guess teachers said them many interesting things about me.
  3.  … had lived with his parents and grandparent in this childhood. He remembered that place so well in the least details.
  4.  … showed them what pictures he had painted while they had not been there and had done shopping with other grandchildren. The pictures were really beautiful.
  5.  … what they had seen in the dark and dangerous forests and deserts. They stories were really creepy and horrible.

Упражнения на Past Perfect Continuous

Past Perfect Continuous (Progressive) – это прошедшее время в английском языке, которое обозначает процесс, произошедший до определённого момента в прошлом. Похоже на Past Perfect, не так ли?

Ниже буду даны различные задания, которые помогут вам отработать навык построения Past Perfect Continuous. Также к каждому упражнению будут даны ответы, но не нужно подсматривать в них раньше времени, иначе смысла в вашей работе просто не будет.

Упражнение 1

Ниже даны предложения с пропусками, на место которых вы должны подставить глагол во времени Past Perfect Continuous:

  1. Образование Past Perfect TenseMy friends _____ (to play) this terrible board game about three or four hours before their parents came home in really bad mood because of the worst marks of their children.
  2. Tom and Newt _____ (to create) their works for the competition of young creators for five days when they knew that that contest had already finished. The boys were really disappointed about this situation.
  3. My mother and grandmother ____ (to cook) the Christmas dinner for five hours when the whole family and guests arrived to the house with a snow tree and a lot of decorations for it.
  4. The teacher ____ (to explain) this easy thing during the whole lesson but his students did not understand what he wanted to say them with his words. The teacher was really upset and frustrated.

Здесь вы сможете найти ответы на упражнение, расположенное выше:

  1. had been playing;
  2. had been creating;
  3. had been cooling;
  4. had been explaining.

Упражнение 2

Ниже даны утвердительные предложения в Past Perfect Continuous. Вам же нужно поставить их в отрицательную и вопросительную формы.

  1. Mr. Edison had been looking for his glasses about an hour when he finally found it on the armchair near the morning newspaper.
  2. My grandparents had been planting and watering different beautiful flowers for five hours when their grandsons and granddaughter returned from the journey to the America.
  3. Peter had been doing his English homework with his little sister about two hours yesterday. He was really tired that day.

Ответы на упражнение:

  1. Mr. Edison had not been looking for his glasses about an hour when he finally found it…. / Had Mr. Edison been looking for his glasses about an hour when he finally found it…?
  2. My grandparents had not been planting and watering strange flowers for five hours when their grandsons and granddaughter returned from the journey to the America. / Had the grandparents been planting and watering dangerous flowers for five hours when their grandsons and granddaughter returned?
  3. Peter had not been doing his English homework with his little sister about two hours yesterday evening. He was really tired that day. / Had Peter been doing his English homework with his sister about two hours…?

Упражнение 3

Вам нужно раскрыть скобки в данных предложения и записать правильную форму глагола. Не забывайте, что у нас время Past Perfect Continuous.

  1. The players of football team ____ (to train) for ten hours before their trainer said that the competition would not conduct because of technical issues. The guys were really angry for organizers of this contest.
  2. The programmers _____ (to create) a new huge game with a lot of interesting characters and monsters for ten or eleven months before the game was released in the whole world.
  3. The word-wide famous artist ____ (to draw) his new picture of a girl with sunny hair during ten weeks before this masterpiece became the most expensive picture in the whole world.
  4. This old building ____ (rebuild) for twenty years before it finally was done. This event was celebrated in the whole west town with concerts and the fairs.

Ответы на упражнение:

  1. had been training;
  2. had been creating;
  3. had been drawing;
  4. had been rebuilding.

Упражнение 4

Вам дан набор слов, из которого вам нужно построить предложение в Past Perfect Continuous. Перед началом выполнения упражнение повторите правило данного времени.

  1. Карандаш и бумагаhad been preparing, my parents, for about, or, three weeks, even more, for my birthday. All my friends, they, to the party, invited, delicious food, a lot of, and, the room, decorated, cooked.
  2. only one, my, elder sister, and, favorite, had been doing, when, our parents, her, literature homework, thirty minutes, returned home, for, form, their jobs. Were, tired, they, really.
  3. Artist, had been selling, my familiar, a month or two, his works, for about. Were sold, his pictures, because, very well, they are done, artist, the professional, by.
  4. Alice`s brothers, one old car, had been fixing, the owner, when, suddenly, took it back, and, appeared, for weeks.

Ответы на упражнение:

  1. My parents had been preparing for my birthday for about three weeks or even more. They invited all my friends to the party, cooked a lot of delicious food and decorated the room.
  2. My favorite and only one elder sister had been doing her literature homework for thirty minutes when our parents returned home from their jobs. They were really tired.
  3. My familiar artist had been selling his works for about a month or two. His pictures were sold very well because they are done by the the professional artist.
  4. Alice`s brothers had been fixing one old car for weeks when the owner suddenly appeared and tool it back.

Упражнение 5

Найдите ошибки в построении предложений во времени Past Perfect Continuous и перепишите их в исправленном виде. Заметьте, что ошибки могут быть не только в изучаемом времени.

  1. Dilan`s friend have been cooking one strange dish with vegetables when the Dilan and his sister had come home with a lot of bags. All people in the room were a little bit confused.
  2. Professional builders was been tried to recover this ancient building for about five months. But they can not do it in spite of their materials and experience.
  3. My mother been doing all home chores when my father had went to his work as a middle school teacher at the most expensive school in the whole city.
  4. My parents trying to but a new phone for my little sister until I came and helped them with his difficult decision. And also I buy a phone case for myself.

Ответы на упражнение:

  1. Dilan`s friend had been cooking a really strange and maybe even dangerous dish with vegetables and mushrooms when Dilan and sister of his came home with a lot of bags. All guys in the kitchen were a little bit confused.
  2. Professional builders had been trying to recover this very old building for five months or more. But they could not do it in spite of their good materials and big experience.
  3. My mother had been doing all home chores when my father had gone to his work as a middle school teacher at the most expensive school in the whole city.
  4. My parents had been trying to buy a new cool phone for my little sibling until I came and helped them with his difficult decision. And also I bought a phone case for my own phone.

Упражнение 6

В этом упражнении вам даны предложения на русском языке, которые вам нужно перевести на английский, используя время Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

  1. Я люблю английский языкТомас и его группа играли на пианино и других музыкальных инструментах с большим энтузиазмом. Они хотели выступить на местном музыкальном конкурсе, где должно было быть большое количество иностранных музыкантов.
  2. Друзья Карен делали их музыкальный проект на протяжении трёх дней, когда Карен решила помочь им с их трудностями и нарисовать обложку их нового альбома.
  3. Наш профессор в университет писал на доске на протяжении примерно сорока минут до того, как он заметил, что мел кончился. Он попросил одного из своих студентов сходить и принести немного нового мела.
  4. Мой доктор пытал диагностировать моё заболевание до того, как миленькая и прелестная медсестра вошла в кабинет врача и сказала, что других пациенты уже долго ждут его.

Здесь вы сможете найти ответы на упражнение на перевод:

  1. Tomas and his band had been playing the piano and the other musical instruments with huge enthusiasm. They wantеd to perform in the local musical contest where would be a lot of foreign musicians.
  2. Friends of Karen had been doing the musical project for three days when Karen decided to help them with their difficulties and draw the cover of their new album.
  3. Our professor in the university had been writing on the blackboard for forty minutes before he noticed that chalk had ran out. He asked one of his students to go and bring some new chalk.
  4. My doctor had been trying to diagnose my illness before a pretty and nice nurse came the cabinet of the doctor and said that other patients had been waiting for him.

Заключение

Past Perfect Continuous и Past Perfect – это довольно простые времена английского языка, которые легко построить и отличить от других времён, потому что у них есть конкретное обозначение (предпрошедшее действие или процесс).

В данной статье вы могли найти все необходимые тренировочные упражнения онлайн, которые помогут вам отработать данную тему на очень высоком уровне. Но для отработки такого результата нужно прорешивать не только упражнение, приведённые в этой статье, но и подобные задания на сторонних ресурсах.

Также вам не стоит подсматривать ответы, а использовать их только в качестве самопроверки. Если вы допустили где-то ошибку, то постарайтесь понять, что вы сделали неправильно или повторите правило данных времён на английском языке.

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